The RFID smart transportation is a service system based on modern electronic information technology for transportation. The RFID smart transportation system focuses on the wide application and service of various transportation information, and realizes the improvement of the operating efficiency of existing transportation facilities. Smart transportation is the effective integration of advanced science and technology in the entire ground transportation management system, the rapid development of the industry is inseparable from the technological achievements, also, the Internet of Things technology and Cloud Computing technology are one of the core of the main constructions. The RFID technology in the Internet of Things plays an important role in the field of intelligent transportation control, and RFID technology will become a catalyst for smart traffic management.
With the Internet of Things and cloud computing as the core, the development of the industry is inseparable from the technological progress. Intelligent transportation system (ITS) is the effective integration of advanced science and technology (information technology, computer technology, data communication technology, sensor technology, electronic control technology, automatic control theory, operations research, artificial intelligence, etc.) in the entire ground transportation management system to form a comprehensive transportation system that guarantees safety, improves efficiency, enhances the environment as well as saves energy.
The technological progress is an important reason to promote the development of the intelligent transportation industry, among which the Internet of Things and Cloud Computing technology are the core of the intelligent transportation industry technology. For example, the application of Cloud Computing technology in the field of intelligent transportation can improve the efficiency of government work, besides, it promotes the products, technology, operation management and resource integration of large group companies and small and medium-sized enterprises. The automatic control and sensor technology in the Internet of Things are extremely useful for real-time traffic control and command management. However, at present, the most important thing is the application of RFID technology in intelligent transportation, the common ones include: motor vehicle license management, traffic flow detection and illegal evidence collection, traffic rescue and special vehicle monitoring, intelligent parking lot management, multi-path identification and highway toll split accounting management, etc.
The RFID smart traffic management system is based on adding RFID electronic tags to each legally registered motor vehicle. For example, it is common to seal the electronic tags in the vehicle number plate or on the windshield of the vehicle. These vehicles are issued with a fixed and unique "electronic driving permit" RFID electronic tag ID card, and then a specific reader is used to identify various vehicle information driving on the road to achieve the purpose of the real-time monitoring and management of motor vehicles, traffic flow and suspicious vehicles. At the same time, the system can be combined with bank settlement, expressway or various parking lot charging systems, which can realize electronic wallet settlement without parking toll, so as to improve road capacity and ensure traffic safety.
At present, RFID technology has been widely used in our country's intelligent transportation, the successful application cases include: the domestic railway locomotive number recognition system, the networked expressway non-stop toll system in implementation and operation in various provinces, the RFID toll system for thousands of parking lots across the country, the automatic weighing system for vehicles in various factories, and the entry and exit management system of vehicles at bus stations, the entry and exit inspection system of customs vehicle, urban automobile environmental protection inspection RFID environmental protection information card system as well as the rapid transit system that is being implemented.
The smart transportation system will effectively alleviate urban traffic congestion, reduce traffic accidents as well as reduce environmental pollution, which is one of the most effective ways to improve the transportation system. It is regarded as an important development direction of transportation in the 21st century. What's more, The RFID radio frequency identification technology is applied to urban traffic management and has become a building force for intelligent transportation systems and traffic information exchange platforms, giving full play to its many advantages such as automatic identification, long-distance identification as well as dynamic information collection, and carrying out all-weather data collection, analysis as well as establishing a huge database to create an important construction foundation.